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The cat - a predator, the cat digestive physiology is fundamentally different from human physiology of digestion. So you need to remember the rule: do not feed the cat "on the table". When feeding dry food necessarily monitor water consumption. Fresh water should always be available. Attention! If your cat is a "malopyuschy" - the dry food "literally" its form - for it is harmful and even dangerous - in the sense of overload the kidneys. This cat should be fed or in kind, or canned feed, or dry, crumbled in the water. Contrary to the popular stereotypes and fairy tales, the cat can not eat a fish. In nature, wild cats (as well as many, many generations of our ancestors of domestic cats) feed on small rodents, birds, and eat them along with the skin and stomach contents - grains and herbs. Sometimes their menus come across small birds and fish as they practically do not get. There are two types of feeding cats: kind and ready to feed.
Feeding dry food:
If you can not cook a balanced cat food, cat can be transferred to the dry food. Dry cat food can be given to the 1.5 -2 months. Do not feed the cat at the same time feed and natural food, the time interval between feeding dry food and natural products should be at least 3-4 hours. The high-quality feed leading manufacturers (namely those necessary to give a cat), for example, Happy Cat, Iams (Iams), Hills (Hills), Eagle Park (Eagle Pack), Royal Canin (Royal Canin), Purina Pro Plan (Purina Pro Plan ) - all substances are balanced, when combined with natural products can get a negative one and a plethora of other substances, and as a consequence, a metabolic disorder. When feeding dry food do not need to give vitamins.
Feeding natural foods:
Meat products: Meat, beef / veal or beef mince, chicken, beef, chicken offal (head, neck, hearts, livers, stomachs, but in any case not round - tube - bone), lamb, turkey. Every day, a little of everything, or at alternating days. Stuffing should not contain salt and spices. As they get older kitten is better to replace the stuffing into small pieces, gradually increasing their size. Pork for cats is not desirable.
Egg and liver - once or twice a week, the egg - raw or cooked soft-boiled, as more of like a cat.
Kashi: buckwheat and rice, boiled in water or broth. Giving is better with meat, while the ratio of meat with porridge should be 2: 1, porridge can add vegetables and vegetable oil. Not recommended: giving milk porridge. Dairy products: everything except the sour cream, the fat content of which exceeds 10 percent, and milk (the latter refers to cats older than 6-10 months).
Vegetables: raw or cooked, mashed, anything like a cat, are meat. Many cats like boiled cauliflower and beets.
Water - must always be fresh in the usual place for a cat.
Vitamins - as prophylaxis to be given along with the feed. Up to 6 months kitten must necessarily get vitamin A and D. In this case, you need to follow the dosage of these vitamins. Adult cats feeding on nature, vitamins should be given year-round. Do not use vitamins for humans!
Feeding adult cats should be normalized and balanced in calories and nutrients. 1 cat should be fed once a day, preferably in the evening. This food gives a rate of 30-60 g per 1 kg of body weight of the animal. Food prepared and always fed in particulate form, and at the same time of day in the same location in a clean bowl. Uneaten food after 30 minutes clean. A cup of the cat should always be fresh drinking water. Natural cow's milk due to its high content of lactose for an adult cat will not do. Given that cats capricious in food and quickly become accustomed to meat and fish, discarding another feed, you need to include in the diet of kittens a variety of foods: vegetables, fruits, etc. The only way to avoid getting used to the monotonous cat food, thereby avoiding overfeeding or underfeeding her.
In recent years, the sale of a large number of new cat food. This dry food, canned food, many of which are not in vain become so popular among cat owners, and they are - do not hesitate to spend a lot of money to buy another overseas treat pets. At the same time it is not necessary, you can prepare a meal from conventional products that exist in any home and will not be lower in calories and useful.
A common mistake of cat owners - approach to feeding their pets as their own. With this feeding the animals there are various diseases that in future are difficult to treat, because cats do not tolerate changes in diet. It is considered wrong to cause them to hunger instinct, because only the animals fed a nutritionally balanced and calorie diet, are mobile enough and temperamental. Regardless, the cats themselves may replenish the missing nutrients hunt small rodents and insects (mice, birds, flies, grasshoppers, and so on. D.). Perhaps that is why, once in the country, in the village, "urban residents" happy hunting.
Feeding cats is largely determined as her physical condition.
How to choose the right food for cats?
First, estimate the age, activity, weight and breed of your cat. And do not forget at the same time on her personal tastes and preferences! Even the time of year makes adjustments in diet. In the summer adult cat fed once a day, and in the winter - two.
Playful kitten needs a very different diet than imposing Kotofey. And, of course, need a special diet pregnant cats (sukotnye). They need to pick up high-calorie dry food.
Well, if your cat has lived with you for many years? Take care of her. It is not so nimble as before, most often lying on the sofa, or luxuriating in a warm place, also in old age reduces the ability to absorb many of the components of the diet. Therefore, the diet at this age should be different low in protein, calcium, phosphorus and sodium. You may have to go to the veterinarian and write a special diet. By the way, there is a whole range of ready-made dietary feed, not only delicious, but also has a therapeutic effect in many diseases of cats.
Secondly, choosing food, carefully read the label on the package. On each package, box or jar, you will find the components that make up the food, its chemical composition, feeding instructions, determines the amount of feed required cat a certain weight. Pay particular attention to the expiration date on the package integrity. Opened canned food should not be stored in the refrigerator for more than a day. Failure to do so often leads to food poisoning animals. And never let their pets food straight from the refrigerator. Do not be lazy, warm it to room temperature, how would you do it for yourself.
Third, cats are important for three conditions:
- cleanliness of utensils for feeding
- continued access to the trough
- change of diet.
Is not recommended to feed the cat: fish in any form, any food from our table - roast with salt and spices, canned cat food is widely advertised low-quality beans, peas and corn. You can not often give beef liver.
Why can not feed the cat above:
Fish harmful to the cat's health, fish protein is well absorbed, resulting in an increased load on the kidney, while the mineral balance is disturbed and consequently developing urolithiasis. There is a misconception that the ICD (stones in the kidney, bladder and urinary tract) is only neutered cats. This disease can get sick and the cat, and the cat is full. The predominance of fish in the diet of cats leads to a lack of vitamin C. Laboratory studies have shown that a diet consisting mainly of fish, leads to a K-vitamin deficiency in adult cats and kittens. All animals on this diet reduced blood clotting was observed (usually lack of vitamin C), in some cats long content on this diet resulted in death (the cause of death - internal bleeding in the liver and gastrointestinal tract). On a diet of fish cats are less active and spend more time at meals. Diet raw fish leads to oxidative stress in cats - meaning that they appear in excess of oxidizing free radicals, that is there is a serious violation of the redox balance in the body. In addition, individual members of the tribe of fish (such as: pollock, many river species) differ rare zaglistovannostyu (mainly as intermediate hosts) and neupotrebimy raw. And boiled - practically useless.
Long-feeding fish can cause: urolithiasis, vitamin deficiency, problems with wool allergies (for reviews of many koshkovladeltsev), worms, reduced blood clotting.
If we really want to treat a cat fish, it is better to take the sea, noble species not cook and entertain no more than once every two weeks.
The liver - liver a lot of biologically active substances, which leads to disruption of metabolic processes, so avoid frequent feeding the liver. Raw liver can cause an upset stomach, digested - on the contrary - constipation.
The bread in large quantities, beans, peas, corn - a lot of carbohydrates, develops flatulence, intestinal colic.
The food on our table, canned food (especially - pickles), sweets, etc. - Cats can be a variety of strange cravings, but do not indulge them, the principle of "just eat - so it is necessary" applies to animals just as much as applicable to humans. Excess salt, spices, preservatives, etc. may lead to diseases of the stomach, liver, kidney, digestive disorders. Think about whether the joy of cats minute piece of smoked sausage from many health problems. Some cats with good health, digest everything without much harm to health, and some one piece cervelat cause an attack of renal colic. Is it worth it to experiment?
Cheap and widely advertised food. Our stores are mainly sold food produced in Russia under license from and with the "relevant" quality. Bad foods contain little useful and a lot of attractive, cats are ready to eat them in any amount and kind owners did not skimp - good food "cheap and available." The result - a bunch of diseases, ranging from IBC and ending with severe gastritis, dermatoses. For example, dry "Wiskas" (Whiskas) in healthy cats increases the concentration of calcium oxalate - to 5-fold compared with a threshold, after which begins the formation of stones. Low-quality food are sold, usually in small packages, as not designed for professionals, which is more convenient to buy food in large nursery bags; the appearance of their works more on the home than cats: Cats do not care what it looks like food, and the buyer rather like colorful fish, bones and stars than unattractive brown lumps. From the ratio of protein, fat, carbohydrates, and vitamin supplements can not cheap feed different from a professional expensive, but the raw materials are used in much worse, for example, feathers as a protein source. To a cat ate inedible mixture in the feed mixed with flavorings, attractive to cats, but acting like a drug. It often happens that the cat is accustomed to eat such fodder, refusing even from fresh meat (!).
Recommended food: Hills (Hills), Iams (Iams), Eagle Park (Eagle Pack), Purina Pro Plan (Purina Pro Plan), Royal Canin (Royal Canin). To purchase food in specialized stores try and beware of imitations.
And the last prudent advice: do not start to feed a kitten from his table. When you see these big eyes looking at you from the bottom up, just repeat to yourself: "Twenty years, twenty years!". If you want to make this a very real deadline pet has been near you, do not give him food from his plate.