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Home kit for first aid for cats:
If you live in a house cat, it is necessary to acquire a small first aid kit with a reserve of funds for the timely provision of diseased animals first aid before referring to the veterinarian. As a rule, it is a small box (or bag) with pasted blue cross (a symbol of veterinary care), which houses the best collection of objects and medical supplies:
- Thermometer veterinary and medical;
- 70-100 ml syringe;
- syringes with needles for injection;
- curved scissors for vystriganiya coat, skin diseases, wounds, bruises;
- dissecting forceps gripping the edges of the wound, removing impurities from the surface;
- pipette, eye;
- rubber tourniquet to stop the bleeding;
- Bandages gauze sterile - 3 pieces;
- sterile gauze wipes - 2 packs;
- white and gray wool compresses;
- elastic bandage;
- adhesive tape;
- A 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide for disinfection and treatment of wounds;
- 5% alcoholic solution of iodine;
- 1% solution of brilliant green (Zelenka);
- eye drops;
- potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate);
- castor oil and petrolatum;
- A 3% solution of boric alcohol;
- tetracycline (vitatsiklin);
- Activated charcoal tablets;
- vikasol to improve blood clotting bleeding.
Medication should always supply the label or sign. Periodically carry out an audit of all the kits and expired medicines replaced by new ones.
The purpose of first aid - not only to save the lives of sick animals, but also to prevent possible complications. Techniques and methods of first aid is very simple, do not require special veterinary or biological training, so they are available to any owner of a cat.
When you open injuries in the first place it is necessary to urgently stop the bleeding using a harness or a tight bandage, with a broken bone fractures fixed bus. If the cat is sick, it is advisable to measure the body temperature, pulse and respiration that will more accurately diagnose the condition of the animal.
Before you use the tools (scissors, forceps, scalpels, syringes, needles, and so on. D.), They need to prepare: sterilized in a special metal container sterilizer or in a conventional pot, a bowl with a lid. Boiled in water for 30 minutes or 15 minutes in a 1-2% solution of baking soda for 10 minutes in a 0.1% solution of caustic alkali. Cutting and glass objects wrapped in gauze. Syringes are heated only in tap water. After boiling the water is drained and give instruments to cool.
Before the introduction of drugs, in assisting in wounds, burns, bleeding and other urgent intervention should be treated arms. Nail clippings, and then wash their hands with soap and water for several minutes. Especially carefully cleaned interdigital and subungual space. Rub hands with freshly prepared 0.5% solution of ammonia or camphor alcohol using gauze or a piece of cotton. Hands are dried with sterile towels. You can then perform the necessary manipulations.
Often owners have to give your cats veterinarian prescribed drugs. As a rule, it is not difficult, but you must know that drugs administered through the mouth, can not be mixed with food. It is much better to give the cat drug in its pure form and in a specified amount to be sure that the cat has swallowed it. When it is necessary to give the cat a powder, do not pour it directly into the mouth: the cat may cough, and throw it all away. You can mix the powder with water or milk and spread this mixture on the tongue or lips of an animal, your "patient" swallow a mixture of pleasure.
The tablets, pills or capsules should be placed closer to the root of the tongue and the cat some time to hold her jaw to her mouth was closed, until it swallows medicine.
When using ointments, creams, emulsions should be well rubbed into the skin of these drugs in the zone of the pathological process. Then, the cat is not licked a cure, it is desirable to apply a protective bandage.
Ear drops are administered in a wide channel which is visible in the ear, the fluid in the ear finds the navel.
With instillation of the eye is necessary to hold head firmly with one hand cats, forever pushing your thumb and forefinger, and with the other hand using a pipette to introduce the drug into the eye. Bury your eyes should be careful to avoid damage to the cornea.
Most importantly - do not let drugs without consulting a veterinarian and given a special permit to them. Ignorant use of drugs often brings unwanted cats and prolonged suffering, and sometimes harm and even kill her. Do not forget that medicine should be stored out of the reach of children!