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Place of origin: United Kingdom
Recommended: for all families
History of breed
Chelovechestvo first became acquainted with this breed of cats ... even before it occurs. In 1865, in one of the illustrations of the famous fairy tale by Lewis Carroll's "Alice in Wonderland" could see the Cheshire Cat, strongly reminiscent of the British tabby color. Meanwhile, the British breeders at this time is only engaged in the selection of the most beautiful indoor, outdoor and farm cats, so that through targeted breedings secure the best qualities of these animals. In the British Isles for centuries had formed type of domestic cat with bright round eyes and short, "plush" fur. Despite the fact that these cats are, in fact, they were purebred, they are distinguished by good health, aristocratic character, endurance, communication skills, and excellent hunting qualities. It is these cats became the basis for the new breed. In 1871 at an exhibition in London were introduced cats, which, in order to distinguish them from Asian cats and long-haired cats such as angora, became known as the British Shorthair. Originally the breed was recognized only blue color. However, after the Second World War there was an attempt not only to restore the breed almost disappeared, but also to improve its gene pool. As a result, crossing the British breeds such as domestic shorthair, Russian blue, chartreuse, and especially - Persian cats were obtained new colors. A very popular breed of cats, including in Russia.
Large (4-8 kg) cat, stocky, with a heavy round head and broad chest, big fat cheeks and bright eyes. The hallmark of this breed - the original structure of the faces, due to which the cat has a special, atypical expression "person." In addition, a sign of the breed can be considered typical and "plush" fur.
Head: round, broad and massive.
Muzzle: large, clear shape with rounded contours and distinctive "look on his face."
Nose: wide, short, straight, slightly curved upwards. A slight bend at the bottom, but an abrupt transition to the forehead there.
Chin: strong, perpendicular to the line of the nose.
Eyes: Large, round, wide-set. Eye color corresponds to the color of hair and can be copper, dark orange, blue, green, or blue-green two-tone.
Ears: Medium size, wide at the base, rounded at the tips. Set wide apart.
Neck: Short, broad, muscular.
Body: Strong, compact, stocky, powerful, with a broad chest. The shoulders and hips as wide. Muscles are well developed.
Legs: Short and massive, strong bone and muscles strong.
Feet: Compact, round shape.
Tail: Long 2/3 body length, thick at the base, gradually tapering to a rounded tip.
Hair: Short, dense and stagnant, "plush", with abundant undercoat, touch creates the impression of a natural protective cover.
Colour: more than a hundred. However, the classic color color blue is considered.
Disadvantages: Too thin head; flat cheeks; Oriental type eyes; thin frame; too long coat; lack of undercoat.
Disqualification at exhibitions: Medallions and white markings on the coat. Disqualification of all breeds: amputated claws, cryptorchidism, deafness.
British Shorthair resembles the children's favorite toy - a teddy bear. And the nature of her outward appearance to match: cat peaceful, tolerant, non-intrusive, cheerful, well-balanced, without unnecessary emotions. Tranquil behavior, so close it is easy to live. Unpretentious, easily adapts to any environment, can comfortably settle in a city apartment, in the house. However, getting, for example, in the garden, is easily converted into a formidable hunter. He likes to chat with other cats and even dogs, becomes with them a fun and playful. Willingly takes on education strangers kittens. The cat is very gentle, good-natured, but no one "does not climb into the soul," and even is not always in his hands. British cat must be 2-3 years to gain weight. Sexual development is also relatively late.
Care and Maintenance
The usual time for grooming the animal once a week is enough to comb the cat brush and a comb. However, during molting this procedure should be carried out daily. Molting the British plentiful.
A balanced diet.
Selection Permissible crosses